GitLab CI Vs. Jenkins: Variations and Similarities [2023]

Blogger man
By -

GitLab CI Vs. Jenkins: Variations and Similarities [2023]

GitLab CI Vs. Jenkins: Variations and Similarities [2023]

GitLab CI Vs. Jenkins: Variations and Similarities [2023] Software program improvement is a journey. It begins with planning, evaluation, design, improvement, testing, deployment, and upkeep. Software program builders want varied instruments to make use of on this journey. 

GitLab CI and Jenkins are among the many greatest names within the steady integration and supply (CI/CD) area of interest. CI/CD is a set of processes automating software program improvement. 

This GitLab vs. Jenkins article will outline every instrument, clarify how everyone works, and examine their key options. 

What's GitLab CI?

GitLab Continuous Integration and Delivery is a DevOps instrument that automates the steps required to construct, check and deploy your code to your manufacturing setting. 

GitLab CI

GitLab CI has two components; Continous Integration (CI) and Continous Supply/Deployment (CD).

Steady Integration is tasked with automating all builds. This characteristic additionally supplies suggestions by means of code evaluate and automates safety and high quality exams in your code. Lastly, CI creates a launch package deal to deploy to your manufacturing setting. 

The Steady Deployment little bit of the GitLab CI mechanically provisions infrastructure and manages ticketing, infrastructure adjustments, and launch versioning. CD provides an setting for progressive code deployment and permits the verification and monitoring of all of the adjustments made. This characteristic additionally permits customers to roll again adjustments at any time when vital. 

When the 2 options are mixed, you may automate your complete software program improvement lifecycle (SDLC) with minimal guide intervention. 

In a nutshell, GitLab CI is used to;

  • Retailer and handle code
  • Automate the CI/CD pipeline
  • Monitor points
  • Safe code
  • Collaboration

Execs of utilizing GitLab CI

  • Elevated Velocity: You now not need to undergo guide processes resembling constructing, testing, and deploying code if you use GitLab CI. 
  • Improved code high quality: With GitLab CI, you may seize bugs and errors in your code earlier than they transfer to manufacturing. 
  • Safe: GitLab CI has varied safety features resembling vulnerability scanning, secret administration, and code scanning to cut back hacking threats. 
  • Versatile: You'll be able to customise GitLab CI to fulfill the wants of your improvement workforce. You should use this instrument with main languages and frameworks. 
  • Automated testing: You wouldn't have to run exams manually, as you may write scripts to write down and execute exams mechanically. 

What's Jenkins?

Jenkins is an extensible automation server. This open-source instrument helps customers to handle and construct Steady Integration and Steady Supply (CI/CD) pipelines. Jenkins is a favourite instrument for DevOps and software program engineers because it helps enhance the software program high quality, reliability, and velocity of supply. 


Jenkins runs a collection of ‘jobs’ or steps in a pipeline. A job consists of a number of steps which might be executed in a sequence. A step in Jenkins could be a construct, check, deployment, or another job that may be automated within the software program improvement lifecycle. 

The makes use of of Jenkins could be summarised as follows;

  • Steady Integration
  • Steady supply
  • Automated testing
  • Monitoring and reporting
  • Code scanning
  • Job scheduling

Execs of utilizing Jenkins

  • Scalable: You should use Jenkins with each small and large purposes. 
  • Straightforward configuration: Jenkins has a simple configuration course of supported by sufficient sources. 
  • Massive group: Jenkins has been round for nearly 20 years and has attracted many followers. 
  • A wide range of plugins: You'll be able to enhance the performance of Jenkins utilizing its large number of plugins. 
  • Permits parallel job execution: With Jenkins, you may carry out completely different duties concurrently, saving time. 

Similarities of GitLab CI and Jenkins

  • Each help steady Integration and steady supply.
  • Each are open-source instruments.
  • Each have a big group and following.
  • Each help quite a lot of languages and frameworks
  • Each automate varied duties within the software program improvement lifecycle
  • Each have a big ecosystem of plugins and extensions

GitLab CI vs. Jenkins:  A comparability of options

FunctionGitLab CIJenkins
Language help Many languages Many languages
Pricing Many of the options can be found within the free plan. The instrument additionally has paid plans with extra options.A more recent platform; was created in 2014.
Maturity A more recent platform; created in 2014.Jenkins was launched as Hudson however forked and renamed Jenkins in 2011. 
Ease of use Straightforward to make use ofIt may be sophisticated for inexperienced persons.
Internet hostingInner and exteriorInner and exterior
StipulationsNode.JS, Git, Ruby, GoJava Runtime Surroundings

GitLab CI Vs. Jenkins: Detailed comparability

Although GitLab and Jenkins share similarities, the 2 have distinct variations that have an effect on how they handle the CI/CD course of. These are a few of the main areas;


Jenkins employs a master-worker structure to handle builds. 

  • Jenkins grasp schedules job builds and distributes them to employees for precise execution. This characteristic additionally displays the state of the employees, collects and aggregates all of the construct ends in the net dashboard. 
  • Jenkins employee is a Java executable working on a distant machine. Often known as construct agent, this characteristic listens for all requests from the grasp and executes them. You'll be able to have as much as 100+ nodes and add or take away employees as you see match. 

GitLab CI is a part of GitLab, a web-based interface for managing repositories, merge requests, and a lot extra. GitLab CI has varied elements;

  • GitLab CI/CD instrument means that you can handle builds. 
  • GitLab Runners execute all of the CI jobs. This light-weight course of can run within the cloud or in your machine. 
  • CI/CD Pipeline Configurations are outlined within the .gitlab-ci.yml. This file defines all the roles, levels, and steps within the pipeline. 


Jenkins has over 1800 community-contributed plugins. These plugins cowl completely different areas, resembling constructing, deploying, and automating initiatives. Customers can customize their CI/CD pipelines and lengthen Jenkins’ performance. 

Builders can create customized plugins with the assistance of Jenkins’ in depth documentation. They will additionally construct plugins and add them to Jenkins’ listing. Jenkins has a big and lively group that helps construct plugins. 

GitLab CI means that you can connect/ integrate with external services for enhanced performance. Its plugins/ extension library is smaller in comparison with Jenkins however rising. As GitLab CI is a part of GitLab, it comes with many built-in options. 

Customers can customise/ configure their workflows utilizing the .gitlab-ci.yml file. You'll be able to specify all the roles, levels, and steps. 


Jenkins means that you can use each declarative and scripted pipeline syntax. You should use any of the 2 approaches with net UI or a Jenkinsfile. The latter is probably the most most well-liked. You'll be able to retailer its pipelines as Jenkinsfiles throughout the repository that shops the supply code. The platform comes with a built-in web-based GUI the place you may monitor and visualize the executions.

GitLab CI has a .gitlab-ci.yml that defines all of the pipelines. This YML-based configuration file is saved within the mission’s root listing. The gitlab-ci.yml is thought for its easy syntax with a spread of instructions and predefined key phrases masking the most typical CI/CD duties. GitLab CI integrates with different GitLab options, permitting source-code administration, situation monitoring, code opinions, merge requests, and a lot extra.

The best way to set up Jenkins

Earlier than putting in Jenkins in your PC, you want a Java Runtime Surroundings (JRE). Obtain Java from the official website, relying in your working system. I shall be utilizing Ubuntu to reveal the set up course. 

In case you are utilizing one other working system, take a look at our article on Putting in Jenkins and observe the listed steps. 

For Ubuntu, observe these steps;

Step 1: Verify that JRE is put in. Run this command:

java -version

Whether it is put in, you should have one thing like this:

Java version

I've put in model “17.0.6”, however, you may have the next model.

Step 2: Import the GPG key to your system utilizing this command;

curl -fsSL | sudo tee \

  /usr/share/keyrings/jenkins-keyring.asc > /dev/null

Step 3: Add Jenkins’ software program repository utilizing this command;

echo deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/jenkins-keyring.asc] \ binary/ | sudo tee \

  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list > /dev/null

Step 4: Replace your system utilizing this command:

sudo apt update

Step 5: Set up Jenkins utilizing this command:

sudo apt install jenkins -y

Step 6: Verify if Jenkins is put in utilizing this command:

sudo systemctl status jenkins

If put in, you will note one thing just like this:

Jenkins version

Hit ctrl+z in your keyboard to exit and transfer to the following step.

Step 7: Modify the firewall and Jenkins in your system. Use this command:

sudo ufw allow 8080

Step 8: Verify the standing 

sudo ufw status
Jenkins firewall

Step 9: If the standing reads “Inactive” within the earlier step, allow it utilizing this command:

sudo ufw enable

Step 10: Open Jenkins within the browser by typing this in your browser;


Unlock Jenkins

Step 11: Get hold of the “Administrator password” by working this command:

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword
Jenkins administrator password

Step 12: Unlock Jenkins

Copy the password displayed in your terminal, paste on the “Administrator password” dialog field you open in step ten, and hit ‘Proceed’.

Jenkins installation

The brand new window will immediate you to Set up plugins. Because you don’t want many plugins in the mean time, you may decide the default ones and transfer to the following step

Step 13: Create your account, ‘save and proceed’.

Jenkins admin

Step 14: Arrange instantaneous configuration and begin utilizing Jenkins

Jenkins is ready

The best way to set up GitLab CI 

GitLab CI is a part of GitLab. To get GitLab CI, it's essential to first set up GitLab Runner, the agent that runs all the roles earlier than sending them to GitLab. 

I shall be utilizing Ubuntu to reveal the method. In case you have one other working system, verify the official documentation. For Ubuntu, observe these steps;

Step 1: Replace and configure your system;

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y curl openssh-server ca-certificates tzdata perl

You'll be able to configure an e mail resolution to ship updates or skip this step. 

Step 2: Add GitLab package deal repository

curl | sudo bash
Install GitLab

Step 3: Configure your GitLab account.

There exist completely different choices for internet hosting GitLab. Comply with the directions relying in your selection. 

Step 4: Browse the hostname and log in. Click on this command in your terminal to acquire your password;


Non-obligatory: Set communication preferences to obtain product updates and information from GitLab. 

Limitations of Jenkins

  • Jenkins could be advanced to arrange for big initiatives. 
  • If not effectively configured, Jenkins could be weak to safety assaults.
  • It is perhaps onerous to scale massive initiatives whereas utilizing Jenkins. 
  • Jenkins can eat numerous sources when working on quite a few concurrent builds. 

Limitations of Gitlab CI

  • GitLab CI could be advanced for big initiatives.
  • Depending on GitLab.
  • Scalability is a matter for big initiatives.
  • The plugin ecosystem isn't huge in comparison with Jenkins.                   

Writer’s opinion

Each GitLab CI and Jenkins are improbable instruments within the software program improvement lifecycle. I'll go for Jenkins if I need an extra mature platform and full management over customization. Alternatively, I'll go for GitLab CI for its consumer interface and want to profit from GitLab integration. 

We now imagine you may inform the variations between GitLab CI and Jenkins. Although the 2 instruments are designed to carry out related capabilities, they differ in options and the way they obtain their capabilities. The selection between the 2 will rely on the character of the mission you might have, your expertise, style, and preferences. 

You could now take a look at these Jenkins internet hosting platforms.


Post a Comment


Post a Comment (0)